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Professor Steven Wilkinson, Nilekani Professor and Chair, Department of Political Science, Yale University
|タイトル||“War and Political Change”|
|講演概要||What are the effects of war on individuals’ and groups’ participation in subsequent political transformations and conflicts? In this joint project, we examine this issue through cases as diverse as French soldiers in the American War of Independence, British veterans and the Great Reform Act, and Indian veterans after World War II.
We address two important questions. First, there is a large and growing literature on democratization (Boix, 2003, Acemoglu and Robinson, 2000, Przeworski et al 2007, Ferejohn and Rosenbluth 2016) that focuses on the capacity of ‘the poor’ to affect change. But what explains the different capacities of disenfranchised groups to effect change, and how might individuals’ experience in wars explain variation in their participation in post-war reform and revolution? Second, in the many studies of variation in patterns of violence/ethnic cleansing during partitions and state transitions (e.g. Sambanis & Schulhofer-Wohl 2009, Chapman & Roeder 2007, Humphreys, Posner & Weinstein 2008, Kaufmann 1998) what effect might individuals’ previous experiences in war have in explaining variation in the observed patterns of violence?
This presentation will draw partly on the Indian case (Jha and Wilkinson, APSR 2012) and partly from our recent work looking at French soldiers’ participation in the American Revolution and how this influenced their subsequent participation in the French Revolution.